MUNK, family of rabbis. Ezra (1867–1940), an Orthodox rabbi in Germany, was the son of Elias Munk, dayyan at Altona. Hestudied at the Berlin Rabbinical Seminary under his uncle Azriel (Israel) Hildesheimer and at the Universities of Berlin and Koenigsberg. In 1897, when he was rabbi at Koenigsberg (an office he held from 1893 to 1900), his congregation seceded from the general community. In 1900 he succeeded Hildesheimer as rabbi of the Adass Yisroel congregation in Berlin. Munk acted as Orthodox adviser to the Prussian Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, where he enjoyed great confidence. He expanded the office for sheḥitah affairs, founded by hirsch hildesheimer in 1907, making it the international center for the defense of sheḥitah. Cofounder of the BJA (Bund Juedischer Akademiker), the association of Orthodox students in German universities, and of the Union of Orthodox Congregations (the so-called Halberstaedter Verband), he was also chairman of the "Association of Traditional Torah-True Rabbis" and a member of the rabbinical council of the german agudat israel . Among his publications are Gefaelschte Talmudzitate (1924) and Entwicklung der Verhaeltnisse der preussischen Synagogengemeinden… (1931). Some of his responsa (Kahana Messayye'a Kahana) were published by S.Z. Klein (1938). In 1938 Munk left Germany for Jerusalem, where he died. Among his sons were ELI (1899–1978), rabbi of the Golders Green Beth Hamidrash, London, and MICHAEL (1905–1984), educator in the U.S., author of Ezra ha-Sofer (1933) and coauthor (with I. Lewin and J. Berman) of Religious Freedom: the Right to Practice Sheḥitah (1946). He also published with I. Lewin Shechita: A Religious, Historical and Scientific Background (1976). LEO (1851–1917), Ezra's brother, was district rabbi at Marburg (Hesse) from 1876. He took an active part in the work of the deutsch-israelitischer gemeindebund , the hilfsverein der deutschen juden , and the rabbinical associations, both general and Orthodox. Among his publications was a scholarly edition of Targum Sheni on Esther (1876). ELIE (b. 1900–1981), Ezra's nephew, a rabbi and writer, was district rabbi of Ansbach (Bavaria) from 1926, and from 1937 was rabbi of the Communauté Israélite de la Stricte Observance in Paris. His published works include Die Welt der Gebete (2 vols. (1938); Eng., The World of Prayer, 2 vols., 1954–63), a commentary on the siddur; Das Licht der Ewigkeit (1935); La justice sociale en Israel (1947); Rachel (on the duties of Jewish women; 19515); and a translation into French of Rashi's Pentateuch commentary (1957). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Seidman, in: L. Jung (ed.), Guardians of our Heritage (1958), 551ff.; A. Hildesheimer, in: M. Sinasohn (ed.), Adass Jisroel Berlin (1966), 72–83; J. Rothschild (ed.), Leo Munk Gedenkbuch (1918).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Munk — is a Germanic surname meaning monk that may also be spelt Munch. Munk may refer to: Andrzej Munk (1920 1961), Polish film director Eduard Munk (1803 1871), German philologist Hermann Munk (1839 1912), German physiologist Jens Munk (1579 1628),… …   Wikipedia

  • Munk — steht für: eine Bezeichnung für Murmeltiere den Familiennamen folgender Personen: Andrzej Munk (1921–1961), polnischer Regisseur und Kameramann Britta Munk, ein Pseudonym des dänischen Autors Bengt Janus Nielsen (1921–1988) Hermann Munk… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Münk — Münk …   Wikipedia

  • Münk — Münk …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MUNK (A.) — MUNK ANDRZEJ (1921 1961) L’un des trois cinéastes les plus importants de l’école polonaise d’après guerre avec Wajda et Kawalerowicz. La guerre ayant contrarié sa vocation d’ingénieur, Andrzej Munk devient militant socialiste dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MUNK (K.) — MUNK KAJ (1898 1944) Rien n’est plus paradoxal que la destinée de ce pasteur danois, originaire de Maribo, en Lolland, qui fut si marqué par la Première Guerre mondiale et ses suites immédiates qu’il rompit en lisière avec les idéaux qu’il était… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Munk [1] — Munk, so v.w. Murmelthier …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Munk [2] — Munk, 1) Salomon, geb. 1802 in Glogau von jüdischen Eltern, studirte in Berlin, Bonn u. Paris Orientalische Sprachen, wurde 1840 Custos an der königlichen Bibliothek in Paris, begleitete Montefiore u. Cremieux nach Ägypten u. legte 1852 seine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Munk — Munk, 1) Hermann, Physiolog, geb. 3. Febr. 1839 in Posen, studierte seit 1855 in Berlin und Göttingen, habilitierte sich 1862 in Berlin als Privatdozent der Physiologie und wurde 1869 außerordentlicher Professor und 1876 Professor der Physiologie …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Munk — Munk, Herm., Physiolog, geb. 3. Febr. 1839 zu Posen, seit 1876 Prof. an der tierärztlichen Hochschule zu Berlin; schrieb: »Das Wesen der Nervenerregung« (1868), »Die Funktionen der Großhirnrinde« (2. Aufl. 1890) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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